Coryell County, Texas
The Coryell County Courthouse in Gatesville, Texas. The courthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 18, 1977.
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Largest city||Copperas Cove|
|• Total||1,057 sq mi (2,740 km2)|
|• Land||1,052 sq mi (2,720 km2)|
|• Water||4.7 sq mi (12 km2) 0.4%%|
|• Density||72/sq mi (28/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Coryell County (// KOR-yel) is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 75,388. The county seat is Gatesville. The county is named for James Coryell, a frontiersman and Texas Ranger who was killed by Comanche Indians while protecting settlers.
Habitation of Coryell County dates as far back as 4500 BC. The Tonkawa, Lipan Apache, Kiowa, and Comanche were among the tribes who migrated through the area at various periods. When the General Colonization Law went into effect in 1824, followed by the 1825 State Colonization Law of Coahuila y Tejas, Robert Leftwich obtained a grant to settle 800 families in Texas. The grant went through several legal challenges, and later became Robertson's Colony, named for Sterling C. Robertson. The grant encompassed all or parts of 30 present-day Texas counties  Settlers began moving into the area after Fort Gates was established at Gatesville. The Texas state legislature created the county in 1854, naming it after James Coryell. Originally, Coryell was to be named Pierce County, but was changed after James Coryell's death.
- Bosque County (north)
- McLennan County (northeast)
- Bell County (southeast)
- Lampasas County (southwest)
- Hamilton County (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, 74,978 people, 19,950 households, and 15,780 families were residing in the county. The population density was 71 people per square mile (28/km2). The 21,776 housing units averaged 21 per sq mi (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 65.28% White, 21.80% African American, 0.88% Native American, 1.75% Asian, 0.49% Pacific Islander, 6.26% from other races, and 3.54% from two or more races. About 12.57% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.
Of the 19,950 households, 47.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.90% were not families. About 16.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91, and the average family size was 3.27.
In the county, the age distribution was 26.20% under 18, 17.90% from 18 to 24, 36.30% from 25 to 44, 13.80% from 45 to 64, and 5.70% who were 65 or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,999, and for a family was $38,307. Males had a median income of $24,236 versus $21,186 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,410. About 7.80% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.30% of those under age 18 and 9.00% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
Of the eight Texas Department of Criminal Justice general correctional facilities for women, which include five prisons and three state jails, five of the units, including four prisons and one state jail, are in the City of Gatesville.
The Christina Crain Unit prison (formerly Gatesville Unit), the Hilltop Unit prison, the Dr. Lane Murray Unit prison, and the Linda Woodman Unit state jail are co-located among one another. In addition the Mountain View Unit, a prison with the State of Texas female death row, is in Gatesville. One male prison, the Alfred D. Hughes Unit, is in Gatesville.
Mountain View opened in July 1975, Crain opened in August 1980, Hilltop opened in November 1981, and Hughes opened in January 1990. Murray opened in November 1995, and Woodman opened in June 1997. In 1995, of the counties in Texas, Coryell had the third-highest number of state prisons and jails, after Walker and Brazoria.
- Copperas Cove (small parts in Lampasas and Bell Counties)
- Gatesville (county seat)
- McGregor (mostly in McLennan County)
- Fort Hood (partly in Bell County)
- List of museums in Central Texas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Coryell County, Texas
- Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Coryell County
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2015-05-09. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Smyrl, Vivian Elizabeth. "Coryell County". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
- Barker, Eugene C. "Mexican Colonization Laws". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
- Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1891). Spanish institutions of the Southwest. The Johns Hopkins Press. pp. 312, 313.
- McLean, Malcolm D. "Robertson's Colony". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
- Hyman, Carolyn. "James Coryell". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "Unit Directory Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
- Gately, Paul "Former Downtown Waco Executive Director Moved to Gatesville Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine." KWTX-TV. November 22, 2008. Retrieved on May 20, 2010.
- "Gatesville city, Texas Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
- "Crain Unit Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
- "Hilltop Unit Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
- "Murray Unit Archived July 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
- "Woodman Unit Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
- "Mountain View Unit Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
- "Hughes Unit Archived 2011-02-19 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
- Horswell, Cindy. "For hard-hit economy of Liberty County, crime officially pays." Houston Chronicle. Thursday June 29, 1995. A30. Retrieved on July 23, 2010.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-20.
- Texas State Directory, County officials
- Coryell County at Curlie
- Coryell County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas
- Read James Coryell's entry in the Biographical Encyclopedia of Texas hosted by the Portal to Texas History.