Blair, Wisconsin

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Blair, Wisconsin
Downtown Blair on WIS 95
Downtown Blair on WIS 95
Location of Blair in Trempealeau County, Wisconsin.
Location of Blair in Trempealeau County, Wisconsin.
Coordinates: 44°17′42″N 91°13′48″W / 44.29500°N 91.23000°W / 44.29500; -91.23000Coordinates: 44°17′42″N 91°13′48″W / 44.29500°N 91.23000°W / 44.29500; -91.23000
Country United States
State Wisconsin
CountyTrempealeau
Area
 • Total4.39 sq mi (11.36 km2)
 • Land4.30 sq mi (11.14 km2)
 • Water0.09 sq mi (0.22 km2)
Elevation853 ft (260 m)
Population
 • Total1,366
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
1,346
 • Density312.88/sq mi (120.80/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s)608
FIPS code55-08075[5]
GNIS feature ID1561910[2]
Websitecityofblair.org

Blair is a city in Trempealeau County, Wisconsin, along the Trempealeau River. The population was 1,366 at the 2010 census.

Blair is on the former Green Bay and Western Railroad, which ran down the Trempealeau River valley to Winona, Minnesota.

History[edit]

Blair vs Arcadia, 1912. Photo taken from the bell tower of the old Blair School.

The city was first settled during the 1850s. The majority of the city's population are descended from Norwegian settlers, with a smaller group descended from German settlers. The city's Norwegian heritage is represented by annual lefse and lutefisk suppers at the churches and a love of polka music. A lefse company is located in Blair.[6]

The city's name was changed from Porterville in 1873 when the Green Bay and Western Railroad was routed through the city. The new name of Blair came from one of the railroad's chief investors, John Insley Blair. At one time, during the heyday of railroads, a branch line connected the GB&W with the nearby village of Ettrick, although it was later abandoned. The railroad continues to operate, although under a different name.[7]

The city has avoided the fate of some small towns in the Midwest which slowly lost population due to young people leaving for jobs elsewhere. The population of Blair nearly doubled in the years between 1950 and 2000. During the 1950s and earlier annual floods during the snow melt were often experienced, but better farming techniques now make flooding rare. More recently, a number of Amish farming families have settled in the area and their horse-drawn carriages are sometimes seen on the roads.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.24 square miles (3.21 km2), of which, 1.15 square miles (2.98 km2) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) is water.[8]

Two highways connect to the city: Highway 53, a north-south route, and Highway 95, an east-west route. The closest large cities are Eau Claire to the north and La Crosse to the south. Whitehall, the county seat, is seven miles away. The rural area surrounding Blair is in the Town of Preston. Nearby communities include Taylor, Arcadia, Independence, Hixton, and Galesville.

The Trempealeau River near Blair was dammed to create Lake Henry, named after one of the first settlers.

Blair is in the Driftless Area, which was undisturbed by the last great glacial flow over North America. The area is also known as the Coulee Region, characterized by rolling hills. The forested hills are favored by deer hunters. Pheasants and grouse are also hunted. Local streams are fished for trout, which are stocked.

Climate[edit]

The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfb" (Warm Summer Continental Climate).[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880184
1900438
191048611.0%
192065735.2%
19307026.8%
194085621.9%
19508732.0%
19609094.1%
19701,03614.0%
19801,14210.2%
19901,126−1.4%
20001,27313.1%
20101,3667.3%
2019 (est.)1,346[4]−1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 1,366 people, 571 households, and 319 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,187.8 inhabitants per square mile (458.6/km2). There were 638 housing units at an average density of 554.8 per square mile (214.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.6% White, 0.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 1.3% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.

There were 571 households, of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.1% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the city was 41.1 years. 24.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.8% were from 25 to 44; 22.7% were from 45 to 64; and 22.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.1% male and 52.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,273 people, 533 households, and 305 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,175.2 people per square mile (455.1/km2). There were 564 housing units at an average density of 520.7 per square mile (201.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.51% White, 0.24% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.55% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.34% of the population.

There were 533 households, out of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.6% were non-families. 37.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 21.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.7% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 28.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,769, and the median income for a family was $41,292. Males had a median income of $27,297 versus $20,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,253. About 3.3% of families and 9.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 14.4% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Blair has a bank and a Dollar General store, also a Kwik-Trip. The local post office provides box service only. The local newspaper used to be The Blair Press.until it closed in 2019 when the owner died. The city's creamery, operated by the Associated Milk Producers, processes milk and produces cheese. In the past, Colby cheese was a staple, distributed by the Kraft company. The city's largest employers are the Public schools, Sand Mines, AMPI, and Grandview a Nursing home. Blair is also home to Countryside Lefse Company.[11]

Culture[edit]

The local festival is the Cheese Fest, which takes place annually in mid-September. A city park and municipal swimming pool are located along Lake Henry. Blair has two Lutheran churches and one Catholic church.

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ Blair History & Biographical Sketches of Blair Residents (History of Northern Wisconsin, 1881)
  7. ^ A Place Called Blair (published in the "Blair Family Magazine" Spring 1993)
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-11-18. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Blair, Wisconsin
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ Countryside Lefse Company

External links[edit]

"Blair Press https://www.wnanews.com/2019/02/13/blair-press-building-sale/